International Stout Day
on November 3rd (2011)
annually on November 8th (2012 to 2013)
the first Thursday in November (since 2014)
International Stout Day celebrates stout beer around the world. "Stout" originally meant "proud" and "brave," but later gained the meaning "strong." The name became associated with any beer that was strong, regardless of if it was a dark beer or not. What we now know as stout beer is closely tied to porter beer. Porter, a dark ale, was first made in the early 1700s, and it gained its name after becoming a favorite of street and river porters, and other working-class people. The stronger porter beers that the London brewers made became known as stout porters, and eventually stout came to only be associated with dark porter beers. Some say a difference lies between stouts and porters, in that stouts use unmalted roasted barley, whereas porters use malted barley. The differences between the two are subtle, and even beer experts can't agree on the real differences.
There are a few different types of stout beers:
- Dry or Irish stout—the standard stout; mainly was made in Ireland at beginning of the 20th century; the best selling of all stouts is a dry stout—Guinness Draught.
- Milk stout—contains lactose, which gives it a sweetness and adds body; popular in England after World War I; a long brewed brand of it is Mackeson.
- Chocolate stout—has a dark chocolate flavor that comes from using a darker malt with a strong aroma; sometimes the malt itself is called chocolate malt, and is roasted until it has a chocolate color; other chocolate stouts are brewed with a small amount of chocolate or chocolate flavoring.
- Oyster stout—either made with a handful of oysters in a barrel or marketed as a stout that would go well with oysters; Hammertown Brewery in London was the first brewery to use oysters in the brewing process, in 1938.
- Oatmeal stout—has a proportion of oats, no more than 30%, added during brewing process; sweet and smooth; some only have a tiny amount of oats, and the name is used more for marketing; they usually don't taste like oats, but their smoothness comes from proteins, lipids, and gums of the oats.
- Imperial stout—also known as Russian imperial stout; strong dark stout.
- Baltic porter—imperial stout that originated in the Baltic region; high alcohol content; popular in Polish breweries.
How to Observe International Stout Day
Celebrate the day by having a stout! Try a milk or dry stout, or an oatmeal or chocolate stout! Enjoy a stout at home, or have one at a bar or pub. Have a Guinness, or try one of America's best stouts. Try making a recipe using a stout, and check for events around the world on the official International Stout Day website.